in the topic of jsp standard actions the hfsj says that to use useBean standard action <jsp:useBean /> the thing in question should be javabean. it then says that according to the bean specifications it must have no-arg public constructor. i tried finding bean specs on google but was not able to find it. can somebody guide me to the link where it can be downloaded ? also the book says that it is not talking about ejb, but bean specifications. those who have hfsj book the page no. is 352.