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Dispatcher initialization failed with struts-2.3.1.1

arun gg
Greenhorn

Joined: Jun 20, 2012
Posts: 3
Hi All,

Here is the Error displayed in the console of the Eclipse when trying to run a simple struts webapp with struts-2.3.1.1 jars. Please help me on this.


Dec 3, 2013 3:30:58 PM org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener init
INFO: The APR based Apache Tomcat Native library which allows optimal performance in production environments was not found on the java.library.path: D:\Java\jdk1.6.0_32\bin;C:\windows\Sun\Java\bin;C:\windows\system32;C:\windows;D:/Java/jdk1.6.0_32/bin/../jre/bin/server;D:/Java/jdk1.6.0_32/bin/../jre/bin;D:/Java/jdk1.6.0_32/bin/../jre/lib/amd64;D:\oraclexe\app\oracle\product\10.2.0\server\bin;C:\windows\system32;C:\windows;C:\windows\System32\Wbem;C:\windows\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\;C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Web Platform Installer\;D:\Java\jdk1.6.0_32\bin;D:\Java\jdk1.6.0_32\jre\bin;D:\ATG\ATG10.2\MySQL\win32\bin;D:\aspectj1.6\bin;D:\Java\eclipse-jee-kepler-SR1-win32-x86_64\eclipse;;.
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:58 PM org.apache.tomcat.util.digester.SetPropertiesRule begin
WARNING: [SetPropertiesRule]{Server/Service/Engine/Host/Context} Setting property 'source' to 'org.eclipse.jst.jee.server:Struts2Starer' did not find a matching property.
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:58 PM org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol init
INFO: Initializing ProtocolHandler ["http-bio-8080"]
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:58 PM org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol init
INFO: Initializing ProtocolHandler ["ajp-bio-8009"]
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:58 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina load
INFO: Initialization processed in 451 ms
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:58 PM org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService startInternal
INFO: Starting service Catalina
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:58 PM org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine startInternal
INFO: Starting Servlet Engine: Apache Tomcat/7.0.47
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.WsSci onStartup
INFO: JSR 356 WebSocket (Java WebSocket 1.0) support is not available when running on Java 6. To suppress this message, run Tomcat on Java 7, remove the WebSocket JARs from $CATALINA_HOME/lib or add the WebSocketJARs to the tomcat.util.scan.DefaultJarScanner.jarsToSkip property in $CATALINA_BASE/conf/catalina.properties. Note that the deprecated Tomcat 7 WebSocket API will be available.
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Parsing configuration file [struts-default.xml]
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Unable to locate configuration files of the name struts-plugin.xml, skipping
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Parsing configuration file [struts-plugin.xml]
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Parsing configuration file [struts.xml]
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Choosing bean (struts) for class com.opensymphony.xwork2.ObjectFactory
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Choosing bean (struts) for class com.opensymphony.xwork2.conversion.impl.XWorkConverter
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Choosing bean (struts) for interface com.opensymphony.xwork2.TextProvider
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Choosing bean (struts) for interface com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionProxyFactory
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Choosing bean (struts) for interface com.opensymphony.xwork2.conversion.ObjectTypeDeterminer
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Choosing bean (struts) for interface org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.mapper.ActionMapper
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Choosing bean (jakarta) for interface org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.multipart.MultiPartRequest
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Choosing bean (struts) for class org.apache.struts2.views.freemarker.FreemarkerManager
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Choosing bean (struts) for interface org.apache.struts2.components.UrlRenderer
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Choosing bean (struts) for interface com.opensymphony.xwork2.validator.ActionValidatorManager
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Choosing bean (struts) for interface com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.ValueStackFactory
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Choosing bean (struts) for interface com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.reflection.ReflectionProvider
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Choosing bean (struts) for interface com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.reflection.ReflectionContextFactory
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Choosing bean (struts) for interface com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.PatternMatcher
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Choosing bean (struts) for interface org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.StaticContentLoader
Dec 3, 2013 3:30:59 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info
INFO: Choosing bean (struts) for interface com.opensymphony.xwork2.UnknownHandlerManager
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger error
SEVERE: Dispatcher initialization failed
Unable to load configuration. - action - file:/D:/Java/apache-tomcat-7.0.47-windows-x64/apache-tomcat-7.0.47/wtpwebapps/Struts2Starer/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:11:73
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:69)
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:390)
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:436)
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:69)
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:51)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:281)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:262)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:107)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4775)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5452)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1559)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1549)
at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask$Sync.innerRun(FutureTask.java:303)
at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:138)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.runTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:886)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:908)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:662)
Caused by: Action class [org.arun.learning.ActionTutorial] not found - action - file:/D:/Java/apache-tomcat-7.0.47-windows-x64/apache-tomcat-7.0.47/wtpwebapps/Struts2Starer/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:11:73
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.verifyAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:426)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:370)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addPackage(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:487)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:278)
at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:112)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:204)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:66)
... 17 more
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext filterStart
SEVERE: Exception starting filter struts2
Unable to load configuration. - action - file:/D:/Java/apache-tomcat-7.0.47-windows-x64/apache-tomcat-7.0.47/wtpwebapps/Struts2Starer/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:11:73
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:449)
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:69)
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:51)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:281)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:262)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:107)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4775)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5452)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1559)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1549)
at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask$Sync.innerRun(FutureTask.java:303)
at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:138)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.runTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:886)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:908)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:662)
Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - action - file:/D:/Java/apache-tomcat-7.0.47-windows-x64/apache-tomcat-7.0.47/wtpwebapps/Struts2Starer/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:11:73
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:69)
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:390)
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:436)
... 15 more
Caused by: Action class [org.arun.learning.ActionTutorial] not found - action - file:/D:/Java/apache-tomcat-7.0.47-windows-x64/apache-tomcat-7.0.47/wtpwebapps/Struts2Starer/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:11:73
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.verifyAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:426)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:370)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addPackage(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:487)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:278)
at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:112)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:204)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:66)
... 17 more
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal
SEVERE: Error filterStart
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal
SEVERE: Context [/Struts2Starer] startup failed due to previous errors
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader checkThreadLocalMapForLeaks
SEVERE: The web application [/Struts2Starer] created a ThreadLocal with key of type [com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$10] (value [com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$10@372943ac]) and a value of type [java.lang.Object[]] (value [[Ljava.lang.Object;@7619ed7e]) but failed to remove it when the web application was stopped. Threads are going to be renewed over time to try and avoid a probable memory leak.
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader checkThreadLocalMapForLeaks
SEVERE: The web application [/Struts2Starer] created a ThreadLocal with key of type [com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$10] (value [com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$10@203727c5]) and a value of type [java.lang.Object[]] (value [[Ljava.lang.Object;@5140709]) but failed to remove it when the web application was stopped. Threads are going to be renewed over time to try and avoid a probable memory leak.
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig deployDirectory
INFO: Deploying web application directory D:\Java\apache-tomcat-7.0.47-windows-x64\apache-tomcat-7.0.47\webapps\docs
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig deployDirectory
INFO: Deploying web application directory D:\Java\apache-tomcat-7.0.47-windows-x64\apache-tomcat-7.0.47\webapps\examples
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationContext log
INFO: ContextListener: contextInitialized()
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationContext log
INFO: SessionListener: contextInitialized()
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationContext log
INFO: ContextListener: attributeAdded('org.apache.jasper.compiler.TldLocationsCache', 'org.apache.jasper.compiler.TldLocationsCache@192425a')
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig deployDirectory
INFO: Deploying web application directory D:\Java\apache-tomcat-7.0.47-windows-x64\apache-tomcat-7.0.47\webapps\host-manager
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig deployDirectory
INFO: Deploying web application directory D:\Java\apache-tomcat-7.0.47-windows-x64\apache-tomcat-7.0.47\webapps\manager
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig deployDirectory
INFO: Deploying web application directory D:\Java\apache-tomcat-7.0.47-windows-x64\apache-tomcat-7.0.47\webapps\ROOT
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol start
INFO: Starting ProtocolHandler ["http-bio-8080"]
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol start
INFO: Starting ProtocolHandler ["ajp-bio-8009"]
Dec 3, 2013 3:31:00 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina start
INFO: Server startup in 1947 ms



Here is the web.xml and struts.xml files



web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd" id="WebApp_ID" version="3.0">
<display-name>Struts2Starer</display-name>
<welcome-file-list>
<welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
<welcome-file>index.htm</welcome-file>
<welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
<welcome-file>default.html</welcome-file>
<welcome-file>default.htm</welcome-file>
<welcome-file>default.jsp</welcome-file>
</welcome-file-list>

<filter>
<filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
<filter-class>org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter</filter-class>
</filter>

<filter-mapping>

<filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>

</filter-mapping>

</web-app>


struts.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC
"-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.0//EN"
"http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.0.dtd">


<struts>

<package name="default" extends="struts-default">

<action name="getTutorial" class="org.arun.learning.ActionTutorial">

<result name="success">/success.jsp</result>
<result name="error">/error.jsp</result>
</action>

</package>


</struts>


Joe Ess
Bartender

Joined: Oct 29, 2001
Posts: 8877
    
    8

Looks like Struts can't find an action class.

Caused by: Action class [org.arun.learning.ActionTutorial] not found - action - file:/D:/Java/apache-tomcat-7.0.47-windows-x64/apache-tomcat-7.0.47/wtpwebapps/Struts2Starer/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:11:73


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subject: Dispatcher initialization failed with struts-2.3.1.1