This week's book giveaway is in the OCPJP forum. We're giving away four copies of OCA/OCP Java SE 7 Programmer I & II Study Guide and have Kathy Sierra & Bert Bates on-line! See this thread for details.
Swing and JavaFX are both Java based UI Toolkits. With Swing you can create business application because it contains all the basic controls that are needed: Tables, Lists, Buttons, Textfields, etc.
But Swing was created over 10 years ago and therefore a lot of concepts are old and new functionality can't be integrated without breaking the API. Amy Fowler blogged about this some years ago when JavaFX was in the beginning: http://amyfowlersblog.wordpress.com/2010/09/21/a-heartfelt-ramble-on-swing-javafx/
As said JavaFX contains a lot of new stuff. Here are some of the cool new features:
- CSS can be used to style controls and application
- Animation API
- Graph controls
- 3D Support
- touch support
- all components are vector based and not pixel based
- Media support (play videos)
- a Webview with WebKit backend to integrate rich HTML5 websites