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Error while running tomcat

Frederik Ericsson
Ranch Hand

Joined: Apr 27, 2005
Posts: 128
Hello Friends,

I am geting this error while starting my Tomcat server. can you please fix this for me.


web.xml
while running tomcat:

Nov 16, 2006 7:01:02 AM org.apache.commons.digester.Digester error
SEVERE: Parse Error at line 1 column 10: Document root element "web-app", must match DOCTYPE root "null".
org.xml.sax.SAXParseException: Document root element "web-app", must match DOCTYPE root "null".
at org.apache.xerces.util.ErrorHandlerWrapper.createSAXParseException(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.util.ErrorHandlerWrapper.error(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLErrorReporter.reportError(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLErrorReporter.reportError(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.dtd.XMLDTDValidator.rootElementSpecified(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.dtd.XMLDTDValidator.handleStartElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.dtd.XMLDTDValidator.startElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanStartElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentScannerImpl$ContentDispatcher.scanRootElementHook(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl$FragmentContentDispatcher.dispatch(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanDocument(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.DTDConfiguration.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XMLParser.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.AbstractSAXParser.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.commons.digester.Digester.parse(Digester.java:1548)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.ContextConfig.applicationConfig(ContextConfig.java:220)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.ContextConfig.start(ContextConfig.java:579)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.ContextConfig.lifecycleEvent(ContextConfig.java:181)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:119)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:3523)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1141)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:707)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1141)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:316)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:450)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:2143)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:463)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.execute(Catalina.java:350)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.process(Catalina.java:129)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:156)
Nov 16, 2006 7:01:02 AM org.apache.commons.digester.Digester error
SEVERE: Parse Error at line 1 column 10: Document is invalid: no grammar found.
org.xml.sax.SAXParseException: Document is invalid: no grammar found.
at org.apache.xerces.util.ErrorHandlerWrapper.createSAXParseException(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.util.ErrorHandlerWrapper.error(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLErrorReporter.reportError(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLErrorReporter.reportError(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.dtd.XMLDTDValidator.handleStartElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.dtd.XMLDTDValidator.startElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanStartElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentScannerImpl$ContentDispatcher.scanRootElementHook(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl$FragmentContentDispatcher.dispatch(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanDocument(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.DTDConfiguration.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XMLParser.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.AbstractSAXParser.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.commons.digester.Digester.parse(Digester.java:1548)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.ContextConfig.applicationConfig(ContextConfig.java:220)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.ContextConfig.start(ContextConfig.java:579)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.ContextConfig.lifecycleEvent(ContextConfig.java:181)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:119)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:3523)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1141)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:707)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1141)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:316)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:450)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:2143)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:463)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.execute(Catalina.java:350)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.process(Catalina.java:129)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:156)
Nov 16, 2006 7:01:02 AM org.apache.commons.digester.Digester error
SEVERE: Parse Error at line 53 column 11: The content of element type "web-app" must match "(icon?,display-name?,description?,distributable?,context-param*,filter*,filter-mapping*,listener*,servlet*,servlet-mapping*,session-config?,mime-mapping*,welcome-file-list?,error-page*,taglib*,resource-env-ref*,resource-ref*,security-constraint*,login-config?,security-role*,env-entry*,ejb-ref*,ejb-local-ref*)".
org.xml.sax.SAXParseException: The content of element type "web-app" must match "(icon?,display-name?,description?,distributable?,context-param*,filter*,filter-mapping*,listener*,servlet*,servlet-mapping*,session-config?,mime-mapping*,welcome-file-list?,error-page*,taglib*,resource-env-ref*,resource-ref*,security-constraint*,login-config?,security-role*,env-entry*,ejb-ref*,ejb-local-ref*)".
at org.apache.xerces.util.ErrorHandlerWrapper.createSAXParseException(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.util.ErrorHandlerWrapper.error(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLErrorReporter.reportError(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLErrorReporter.reportError(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.dtd.XMLDTDValidator.handleEndElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.dtd.XMLDTDValidator.endElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanEndElement(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl$FragmentContentDispatcher.dispatch(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanDocument(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.DTDConfiguration.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.XMLParser.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.parsers.AbstractSAXParser.parse(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.commons.digester.Digester.parse(Digester.java:1548)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.ContextConfig.applicationConfig(ContextConfig.java:220)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.ContextConfig.start(ContextConfig.java:579)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.ContextConfig.lifecycleEvent(ContextConfig.java:181)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:119)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:3523)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1141)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:707)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1141)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:316)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:450)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:2143)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:463)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.execute(Catalina.java:350)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.process(Catalina.java:129)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:156)
Application Deployed
Nov 16, 2006 7:01:04 AM org.apache.struts.util.PropertyMessageResources <init>
INFO: Initializing, config='org.apache.struts.util.LocalStrings', returnNull=true
Nov 16, 2006 7:01:04 AM org.apache.struts.util.PropertyMessageResources <init>
INFO: Initializing, config='org.apache.struts.action.ActionResources', returnNull=true
Nov 16, 2006 7:01:05 AM org.apache.struts.util.PropertyMessageResources <init>
INFO: Initializing, config='org.apache.webapp.admin.ApplicationResources', returnNull=true
Nov 16, 2006 7:01:08 AM org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol start
INFO: Starting Coyote HTTP/1.1 on http-8080
Nov 16, 2006 7:01:09 AM org.apache.jk.common.ChannelSocket init
INFO: JK2: ajp13 listening on /0.0.0.0:8009
Nov 16, 2006 7:01:09 AM org.apache.jk.server.JkMain start
INFO: Jk running ID=0 time=51/161 config=C:\Program Files\Apache Group\Tomcat 4.1\conf\jk2.properties
[ November 17, 2006: Message edited by: Ben Souther ]
Ben Souther
Sheriff

Joined: Dec 11, 2004
Posts: 13410

Check to make sure there isn't any extra whitespace at the top of your web.xml file.


Java API J2EE API Servlet Spec JSP Spec How to ask a question... Simple Servlet Examples jsonf
Frederik Ericsson
Ranch Hand

Joined: Apr 27, 2005
Posts: 128
Hello Ben

I check that, there is no space...please help me...
Purushoth Thambu
Ranch Hand

Joined: May 24, 2003
Posts: 425


From this exception it must be clear that your web.xml doesn't contain elements in expected order. I see you have given listener after servlet element. Validate the web.xml againt the DTD.
[ November 17, 2006: Message edited by: Purushothaman Thambu ]
Prabhu Venkatachalam
Ranch Hand

Joined: Nov 16, 2005
Posts: 502

simple way to do validation for XML is open it using IE browser. If it opens fine. Then XML is well formed and sucessfully validated against DTD.

If it didn't open the full file then there is problem, check out the order as Purushothaman said.


Prabhu Venkatachalam<br />SCJP 1.4,SCWCD 1.4<br />prabhu.venkatachalam@gmail.com
 
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subject: Error while running tomcat