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tomcat problem

 
Ranganath Junpal
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I have installed the tomcat6 with jdk6 on Ubuntu Linux. I am getting following error in the logs(catalina.out) as follows. please help me to solve this..

=====================================================================
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:21 PM org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol pause
INFO: Pausing Coyote HTTP/1.1 on http-8081
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:22 PM org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService stop
INFO: Stopping service Catalina
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:22 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig undeployApps
WARNING: Error while removing context []
java.lang.NullPointerException
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.removeChild(ContainerBase.java:885)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.undeployApps(HostConfig.java:1180)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.stop(HostConfig.java:1151)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:313)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:120)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.stop(ContainerBase.java:1056)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.stop(ContainerBase.java:1068)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.stop(StandardEngine.java:448)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.stop(StandardService.java:510)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.stop(StandardServer.java:744)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.stop(Catalina.java:602)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:577)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:288)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:413)
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:22 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig undeployApps
WARNING: Error while removing context [/docs]
java.lang.NullPointerException
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.removeChild(ContainerBase.java:885)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.undeployApps(HostConfig.java:1180)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.stop(HostConfig.java:1151)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:313)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:120)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.stop(ContainerBase.java:1056)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.stop(ContainerBase.java:1068)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.stop(StandardEngine.java:448)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.stop(StandardService.java:510)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.stop(StandardServer.java:744)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.stop(Catalina.java:602)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:577)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:288)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:413)
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:22 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig undeployApps
WARNING: Error while removing context [/examples]
java.lang.NullPointerException
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.removeChild(ContainerBase.java:885)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.undeployApps(HostConfig.java:1180)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.stop(HostConfig.java:1151)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:313)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:120)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.stop(ContainerBase.java:1056)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.stop(ContainerBase.java:1068)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.stop(StandardEngine.java:448)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.stop(StandardService.java:510)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.stop(StandardServer.java:744)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.stop(Catalina.java:602)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:577)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:288)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:413)
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:22 PM org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol destroy
INFO: Stopping Coyote HTTP/1.1 on http-8081
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:24 PM org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol init
INFO: Initializing Coyote HTTP/1.1 on http-8081
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:24 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina load
INFO: Initialization processed in 739 ms
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:24 PM org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService start
INFO: Starting service Catalina
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:24 PM org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine start
INFO: Starting Servlet Engine: Apache Tomcat/6.0.10
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:25 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig deployDirectory
SEVERE: Error deploying web application directory ROOT
java.lang.SecurityException: Servlet of class org.apache.catalina.servlets.InvokerServlet is privileged and cannot be loaded by this web application
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.loadServlet(StandardWrapper.java:1134)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.load(StandardWrapper.java:981)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.loadOnStartup(StandardContext.java:4044)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4350)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:761)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:741)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:525)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:920)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectories(HostConfig.java:883)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:492)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.start(HostConfig.java:1138)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:311)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:120)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1023)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:719)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1015)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:443)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:448)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:710)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:552)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:288)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:413)
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:25 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig deployDirectory
SEVERE: Error deploying web application directory docs
java.lang.SecurityException: Servlet of class org.apache.catalina.servlets.InvokerServlet is privileged and cannot be loaded by this web application
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.loadServlet(StandardWrapper.java:1134)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.load(StandardWrapper.java:981)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.loadOnStartup(StandardContext.java:4044)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4350)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:761)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:741)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:525)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:920)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectories(HostConfig.java:883)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:492)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.start(HostConfig.java:1138)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:311)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:120)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1023)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:719)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1015)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:443)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:448)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:710)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:552)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:288)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:413)
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:25 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig deployDirectory
SEVERE: Error deploying web application directory examples
java.lang.SecurityException: Servlet of class org.apache.catalina.servlets.InvokerServlet is privileged and cannot be loaded by this web application
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.loadServlet(StandardWrapper.java:1134)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.load(StandardWrapper.java:981)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.loadOnStartup(StandardContext.java:4044)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4350)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:761)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:741)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:525)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:920)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectories(HostConfig.java:883)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:492)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.start(HostConfig.java:1138)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:311)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:120)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1023)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:719)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1015)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:443)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:448)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:710)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:552)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:288)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:413)
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:25 PM org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol start
INFO: Starting Coyote HTTP/1.1 on http-8081
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:25 PM org.apache.jk.common.ChannelSocket init
INFO: JK: ajp13 listening on /0.0.0.0:8009
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:25 PM org.apache.jk.server.JkMain start
INFO: Jk running ID=0 time=0/37 config=null
14 Apr, 2007 8:57:25 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina start
INFO: Server startup in 1241 ms
===========================================================================

Thank you
Regards
 
William Brogden
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I am guessing that the following is the key problem;
SEVERE: Error deploying web application directory ROOT
java.lang.SecurityException: Servlet of class org.apache.catalina.servlets.InvokerServlet is privileged and cannot be loaded by this web application


None of the servlets get loaded so there are lots of errors on trying to shutdown.

Tomcat is going to need read/write/modify permission for the entire directory system it runs in.

Bill
 
Ranganath Junpal
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No it tried giving those permissions but still the problem exists..
 
Ben Souther
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This doesn't look like an OS permissions error.

I wonder if the makers of Tomcat have taken another step toward pushing the Invoker servlet out the door.
http://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-6.0-doc/config/context.html

Ranganath,
Can you try setting the privileged attribute to true and let us know if this works?
http://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-6.0-doc/config/context.html

If it does, I'll update our page on the InvokerServlet.
 
Ben Souther
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Originally posted by William Brogden:
Tomcat is going to need read/write/modify permission for the entire directory system it runs in.


Tomcat only needs write permissions to the tomcat/logs directory, the tomcat/work directory, and, if you want to deploy and unpack applications with the manager application, the tomcat/webapps directory.

The rest can be set to read only.
[ April 17, 2007: Message edited by: Ben Souther ]
 
Ben Souther
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Hmm...
According to coreservlets.com, there is a 'Privileged' restriction on the invoker servlet in version 6.0.



http://www.coreservlets.com/Apache-Tomcat-Tutorial/

In Tomcat 6 (but not Tomcat 5.5), you also need the privileged="true" entry in the Context element of context.xml. See the previous section for an example.


Also see:

Also,
See:
http://issues.apache.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=41806
and
http://issues.apache.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=41997


I don't see anything in the release notes or documentation about this but, since a Tomcat comitter, in response to two bugs, has stated that the invoker requires the privileged flag to be set to "true", I'm adding a note to the top of our InvokerServlet page.
[ April 16, 2007: Message edited by: Ben Souther ]
 
Ranganath Junpal
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thank you guys. i shall get back to you..
 
Ranganath Junpal
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Hello ben,

I tried setting the context in the server.xml to false and also true.. But it didnt help.. I am still getting the same exceptions..


Regards
 
Ben Souther
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Can you post the relevant part of your server.xml file?
 
William Brogden
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Tomcat only needs write permissions to the tomcat/logs directory, the tomcat/work directory,


Are you sure about that? looks to me like tomcat needs to create directories under work when a new web application is deployed.

Bill
 
Ranganath Junpal
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ok here it is the contents of server.xml


============================================================================
==
<!-- Note: A "Server" is not itself a "Container", so you may not
define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
Documentation at /docs/config/server.html
-->
<Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN">

<!--APR library loader. Documentation at /docs/apr.html -->
<!-- <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener" SSLEngine="on" /> -->
<!--Initialize Jasper prior to webapps are loaded. Documentation at /docs/jasper-howto.html -->
<Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.JasperListener" />
<!-- JMX Support for the Tomcat server. Documentation at /docs/non-existent.html -->
<Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.ServerLifecycleListener" />
<Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.GlobalResourcesLifecycleListener" />

<!-- Global JNDI resources
Documentation at /docs/jndi-resources-howto.html
-->
<GlobalNamingResources>
<!-- Editable user database that can also be used by
UserDatabaseRealm to authenticate users
-->
<Resource name="UserDatabase" auth="Container"
type="org.apache.catalina.UserDatabase"
description="User database that can be updated and saved"
factory="org.apache.catalina.users.MemoryUserDatabaseFactory"
pathname="conf/tomcat-users.xml" />
</GlobalNamingResources>

<!-- A "Service" is a collection of one or more "Connectors" that share
a single "Container" Note: A "Service" is not itself a "Container",
so you may not define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
Documentation at /docs/config/service.html
-->
<Service name="Catalina">

<!-- A "Connector" represents an endpoint by which requests are received
and responses are returned. Documentation at :
Java HTTP Connector: /docs/config/http.html (blocking & non-blocking)
Java AJP Connector: /docs/config/ajp.html
APR (HTTP/AJP) Connector: /docs/apr.html
Define a non-SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8080
-->
<Connector port="8081" protocol="HTTP/1.1"
maxThreads="150" connectionTimeout="20000"
redirectPort="8443" />

<!-- Define a SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443
This connector uses the JSSE configuration, when using APR, the
connector should be using the OpenSSL style configuration
described in the APR documentation -->
<!--
<Connector port="8443" protocol="HTTP/1.1" SSLEnabled="true"
maxThreads="150" scheme="https" secure="true"
clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS" />
-->

<!-- Define an AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8009 -->
<Connector port="8009" protocol="AJP/1.3" redirectPort="8443" />


<!-- An Engine represents the entry point (within Catalina) that processes
every request. The Engine implementation for Tomcat stand alone
analyzes the HTTP headers included with the request, and passes them
on to the appropriate Host (virtual host).
Documentation at /docs/config/engine.html -->

<!-- You should set jvmRoute to support load-balancing via AJP ie :
<Engine name="Standalone" defaultHost="localhost" jvmRoute="jvm1">
-->
<Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost">

<!--For clustering, please take a look at documentation at:
/docs/cluster-howto.html (simple how to)
/docs/config/cluster.html (reference documentation) -->
<!--
<Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"/>
-->

<!-- The request dumper valve dumps useful debugging information about
the request and response data received and sent by Tomcat.
Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html -->
<!--
<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.RequestDumperValve"/>
-->

<!-- This Realm uses the UserDatabase configured in the global JNDI
resources under the key "UserDatabase". Any edits
that are performed against this UserDatabase are immediately
available for use by the Realm. -->
<Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm"
resourceName="UserDatabase"/>

<!-- Define the default virtual host
Note: XML Schema validation will not work with Xerces 2.2.
-->
<Host name="localhost" appBase="webapps"
unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true"
xmlValidation="false" xmlNamespaceAware="false">

<!-- SingleSignOn valve, share authentication between web applications
Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html -->
<!--
<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.authenticator.SingleSignOn" />
-->

<!-- Access log processes all example.
Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html -->
<!--
<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve" directory="logs"
prefix="localhost_access_log." suffix=".txt" pattern="common" resolveHosts="false"/>
-->

</Host>
</Engine>
</Service>
</Server>

===============================================================================

Thank you
 
Ben Souther
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Originally posted by William Brogden:


Are you sure about that? looks to me like tomcat needs to create directories under work when a new web application is deployed.

Bill


You quoted me listing the work directory.
 
Ben Souther
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Originally posted by Ranganath Junpal:
Hello ben,

I tried setting the context in the server.xml to false and also true.. But it didnt help.. I am still getting the same exceptions..


Regards


I don's see where you're defining your context in this serer.xml file.
 
Ranganath Junpal
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sorry, its not in server.xml. its in context.xml.. here is the contents of the context.xml.



<!-- The contents of this file will be loaded for each web application -->



<Context reloadable="false">

<!-- Default set of monitored resources -->
<WatchedResource>WEB-INF/web.xml</WatchedResource>

<!-- Uncomment this to disable session persistence across Tomcat restarts -->
<!--
<Manager pathname="" />
-->

</Context>


Thank you
 
Ben Souther
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You haven't set privileged to "true".
 
Ranganath Junpal
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hi ben,

I have tried both true and false, when i copied the context.xml. it was false thats all. But then i have tried setting it to true as well. I am getting the same error in my tomcat logs.
 
Ben Souther
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If you're going to post it to the forum, it would be better to post in the property in question present.

Where is your context fragment file?
If you're putting it in META-INF/context.xml, you could be running into another problem. I don't think that Tomcat allows applications to declare themselves "priviledged" this way by default.

Try either adding it directly to server.xml or creating a context fragment file with the name of your application's contextPath + ".xml" in the tomcat/conf/Catalina/localhost directory.
To avoid confusion with autodeployment, you might want to name it something else (ie: test.xml) and hit the app with http://localhost:8080/test
.
 
Ranganath Junpal
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hello ben,

I havent created the context.xml on my own. Out of box its been there when i downloaded it from the apache.org. And i just followed some manual in ubuntuforums.org which says i need to set it to true. But when i set to true also i am getting the same error. So if there is any way out let me know.

thank you
 
Ben Souther
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There was already one there, for your app?
Where is it and what is it named?
 
Ranganath Junpal
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its not an app.. When i downloaded the TOMCAT6 from apache.org. context.xml was already there in that bundle; I havent created it.
 
Germán Cuéllar
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There's a simple and effective way to solve this issue: reinstall tomcat over the existing installation. Take care on have copy of changes you've made on xml files so you can restore them.

Good luck.
 
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