ortimus, Thanks a lot. You are right, just using <\% should works, I tested on the Tomcat 5, working fine. The problem I met is the webserver of iplanet6.0, I will test on iplanet6.0 laster. But another question, how to you display <%@ include file="test1.jsp" %> to the screen as it is? I mean, how to escape <%@ sign in the jsp? I used <%\@ ... to test, not working. Waiting for you guys's reply!