Why not try a small test program. That'll give you the most definitve answer -Paul. ------------------ SCJP2 Resources, Free Question A Day, Mock Exam Results and More! www.jdiscuss.com Get Certified, Guaranteed! www.enthuware.com/jqplus
If all the constructors of a class are private then the class can't be instantiated (the Math class, for example) unless it provides a separate public/default method to run one of the private constructors (singleton pattern).