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array question

 
Ranch Hand
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Here is a question in array:



How could the output is 11, not 9? I thought both x.length and x[i].length are 3. How would line 10 change the length?
Thanks.
 
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1)The code output is not single line output.The output is:
size = 1
size = 2
size = 3
size = 4
size = 2
size = 3
size = 3
size = 4
size = 5
size = 6
size = 7

2)Length of x and x[i] are not same
length of x = 3

length of x[0]=4,x[1]=2,x[2]=5

3)Line 3 changes the length ; it allocates objects.If that line is not used we wud get null pointer exception.

My Doubt:
If the code were like:
public class Test
{
public static void main(String [] args)
{
int [] [] [] x = new int [3] [] [];
int i,j;
x[0] = new int[4][];
x[1] = new int[2][];
x[2] = new int[5][];
for (i=0; i<x.length; i++)
for (j=0; j<x[i].length; j++)
x[i][j] = new int [i + j + 1];
System.out.println("size = " + x[i][j].length);
}
}
I get the compiler error that i and j not initialized....
How come thats possible?
I and j wud have surely initialized in the for loop?
 
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the compiler doesn't know that the outer loop body (the inner loop) executes so j (used in the println statement) may not be initialized. (The println statement is outside of both loops.)
 
reubin haz
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Can someone explain more detail about this compiler problem? Thanks.
[ May 26, 2005: Message edited by: reubin nibuer ]
 
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I think that taking out the curly braces has reduced the scope of the loops, I believe that the scope has been reduced it to 1 line , as in an if statement.
at best I think the compiler sees this;

At worst it would see this;


At any rate you do't save anything by cutting out the braces the compiler puts them in for you.
R1885
 
Geethakrishna Srihari
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No...the compiler problem refers to the code which i pasted.
 
Allain Walker
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Sorry thought that it was the other code.
 
Allain Walker
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What is happening is that you are creating a new array of int that has i+j+1 members.
So when you return th esize of the last array by calling x[i][j].length it returns the number of members of the new int array.
try putting this in

and you will see the difference in the outputs.
Hope it helps
 
With a little knowledge, a cast iron skillet is non-stick and lasts a lifetime.
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