• Post Reply Bookmark Topic Watch Topic
  • New Topic
programming forums Java Mobile Certification Databases Caching Books Engineering Micro Controllers OS Languages Paradigms IDEs Build Tools Frameworks Application Servers Open Source This Site Careers Other all forums
this forum made possible by our volunteer staff, including ...
Marshals:
  • Campbell Ritchie
  • Liutauras Vilda
  • Junilu Lacar
  • Jeanne Boyarsky
  • Bear Bibeault
Sheriffs:
  • Knute Snortum
  • Devaka Cooray
  • Tim Cooke
Saloon Keepers:
  • Tim Moores
  • Stephan van Hulst
  • Tim Holloway
  • Ron McLeod
  • Carey Brown
Bartenders:
  • Paweł Baczyński
  • Piet Souris
  • Vijitha Kumara

how to declare....and pass parameters..

 
Greenhorn
Posts: 6
  • Mark post as helpful
  • send pies
  • Quote
  • Report post to moderator
please tell me how to declare a session variable in a servlet and a method to pass parameters between two servlets.(i prefer to have code segments)thanx.
 
Ranch Hand
Posts: 36
  • Mark post as helpful
  • send pies
  • Quote
  • Report post to moderator
The example below shows how a servlet can determine both parameter names and values:
package coreservlets;
import java.io.*;
import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*;
import java.util.*;
import coreservlets.ServletUtilities;
/** Shows all the parameters sent to the servlet via either
* GET or POST. Specially marks parameters that have
* no values or multiple values.
* <P>
* Taken from Core Servlets and JavaServer Pages
* from Prentice Hall and Sun Microsystems Press,
* http://www.coreservlets.com/.
* © 2000 Marty Hall; may be freely used or adapted.
*/
public class ShowParameters extends HttpServlet {
public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request,
HttpServletResponse response)
throws ServletException, IOException {
response.setContentType("text/html");
PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
String title = "Reading All Request Parameters";
out.println(ServletUtilities.headWithTitle(title) +
"<BODY BGCOLOR=\"#FDF5E6\">\n" +
"<H1 ALIGN=CENTER>" + title + "</H1>\n" +
"<TABLE BORDER=1 ALIGN=CENTER>\n" +
"<TR BGCOLOR=\"#FFAD00\">\n" +
"<TH>Parameter Name<TH>Parameter Value(s)");
Enumeration paramNames = request.getParameterNames();
while(paramNames.hasMoreElements()) {
String paramName = (String)paramNames.nextElement();
out.print("<TR><TD>" + paramName + "\n<TD>");
String[] paramValues =
request.getParameterValues(paramName);
if (paramValues.length == 1) {
String paramValue = paramValues[0];
if (paramValue.length() == 0)
out.println("<I>No Value</I>");
else
out.println(paramValue);
} else {
out.println("<UL>");
for(int i=0; i<paramValues.length; i++) {
out.println("<LI>" + paramValues[i]);
}
out.println("</UL>");
}
}
out.println("</TABLE>\n</BODY></HTML>");
}
public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request,
HttpServletResponse response)
throws ServletException, IOException {
doGet(request, response);
}
}
Below shows how to access SESSION information:
package coreservlets;
import java.io.*;
import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*;
import java.net.*;
import java.util.*;
/** Simple example of session tracking. See the shopping
* cart example for a more detailed one.
* <P>
* Taken from Core Servlets and JavaServer Pages
* from Prentice Hall and Sun Microsystems Press,
* http://www.coreservlets.com/.
* © 2000 Marty Hall; may be freely used or adapted.
*/
public class ShowSession extends HttpServlet {
public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request,
HttpServletResponse response)
throws ServletException, IOException {
response.setContentType("text/html");
PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
String title = "Session Tracking Example";
HttpSession session = request.getSession(true);
String heading;
// Use getAttribute instead of getValue in version 2.2.
Integer accessCount =
(Integer)session.getValue("accessCount");
if (accessCount == null) {
accessCount = new Integer(0);
heading = "Welcome, Newcomer";
} else {
heading = "Welcome Back";
accessCount = new Integer(accessCount.intValue() + 1);
}
// Use setAttribute instead of putValue in version 2.2.
session.putValue("accessCount", accessCount);

out.println(ServletUtilities.headWithTitle(title) +
"<BODY BGCOLOR=\"#FDF5E6\">\n" +
"<H1 ALIGN=\"CENTER\">" + heading + "</H1>\n" +
"<H2>Information on Your Session:</H2>\n" +
"<TABLE BORDER=1 ALIGN=\"CENTER\">\n" +
"<TR BGCOLOR=\"#FFAD00\">\n" +
" <TH>Info Type<TH>Value\n" +
"<TR>\n" +
" <TD>ID\n" +
" <TD>" + session.getId() + "\n" +
"<TR>\n" +
" <TD>Creation Time\n" +
" <TD>" +
new Date(session.getCreationTime()) + "\n" +
"<TR>\n" +
" <TD>Time of Last Access\n" +
" <TD>" +
new Date(session.getLastAccessedTime()) + "\n" +
"<TR>\n" +
" <TD>Number of Previous Accesses\n" +
" <TD>" + accessCount + "\n" +
"</TABLE>\n" +
"</BODY></HTML>");
}
/** Handle GET and POST requests identically. */

public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request,
HttpServletResponse response)
throws ServletException, IOException {
doGet(request, response);
}
}
To create your own session variables, use session.setAttribute("name") method......and natch getAttribute("name") to access them.
 
mooooooo ..... tiny ad ....
Java file APIs (DOC, XLS, PDF, and many more)
https://products.aspose.com/total/java
  • Post Reply Bookmark Topic Watch Topic
  • New Topic
Boost this thread!