Hi everyone; When designing a GUI application,attention must be paid to the location and size of the interface components and also when the user resizes the window!!Constructing a GUI by defining absolute locations and size of components is a tedious business and is not encouraged in JAVA because.................... It defeats the purpose of creating platform independent applications,since component size varies from platform to platform!! Now my question is that if it is the job of layout manager to take care of placement and sizing of components and resizing of GUI then why is it discouraged in JAVA?? ankush!!