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code does not compile for exceptions

 
Ranch Hand
Posts: 152
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public class AQuestion
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
System.out.println("Before Try");
try
{
}
catch(java.io.IOException t)
{
System.out.println("Inside Catch");
}
System.out.println("At the End");
}
}
why does this not compile and why does this compile safely

public class AQuestion6
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
System.out.println("Before Try");
try
{
}
catch(IllegalStateException t)
{
System.out.println("Inside Catch");
}
System.out.println("At the End");
}
}

for what exceptions do compilation succeed and for which the compilation deos not succeed when there are no lines in the try block?
 
author and iconoclast
Posts: 24203
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"Checked" exceptions are those that extend Throwable directly, or extend Exception but not RuntimeException. You cannot catch a "checked" exception type unless there is some possibility of its being thrown -- i.e., you can't catch one after an empty try block.
All other exception types are "unchecked" exceptions, and the Java compiler does not, in general, worry about whether or not these can be thrown.
See the Java Language Spec, chapter 11.
 
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