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Abstract Class & Interface

 
Greenhorn
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When we should use Interface and When to use Abstract Class.
 
Greenhorn
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Both abstract classes and Interfaces have one goal in common. They should be used when the implementation is not specific. To make things clear let us say you have a 'Shape' class. Shapes could be of different kinds for e.g. a circle, a rectangle, a square etc. If 'Shape' class had a method called 'draw()', during designing you class, you cannot specifically say how this method should be defined. That's because each shape is drawn differently. So you have a draw method for square, a rectangle etc.
Here both abstract classes and interfaces can be used. Now if you want to enforce super-class sub-class relationship between shape and square and other classes you use abstract classes. Whereas in interfaces such relationship is not enforced.
Hope it's clear now..
 
Sheriff
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Moving to Java In General(beginner) forum..
 
Ranch Hand
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Generally an interface is implemented to gain methods while a class is extended to gain information (instance variables) and perhaps methods as well.
 
Ranch Hand
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This question has been asked here many times before. Using the search tool, I found the following threads on the subject:
https://coderanch.com/t/386670/java/java/Classes-Abstract-Interface
https://coderanch.com/t/386847/java/java/Abstract-Interface
https://coderanch.com/forums/
https://coderanch.com/t/387081/java/java/difference-interface-abstract
https://coderanch.com/t/387121/java/java/Abstract-vs-Interface
https://coderanch.com/t/387137/java/java/Extends-vs-Implement
https://coderanch.com/t/387287/java/java/abstract-class-interface
And those are only from the first dozen matches out of a hundred! I'm sure one of those will answer your questions. If you still don't understand, feel free to use the search tool yourself.
Of course, we are always here to clarify any confusions you may have, so feel free to come back with more questions.
Keep coding!
Layne
 
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