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Sierra & Bates SCJP 6 - C3 - Q3

 
Greenhorn
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Hey guys,

This is my first post at the ranch, so please forgive me if i screw up something.

I'm using the amazing Sun Certified Programmer for Java 6 Study Guide to teach Java to Brazilian Programmers.

Quick question: At Chapter 3, Question 3 (pg 270 in the hard cover release), we see the following code:



There is a comma at the end of {1,2,}, this compiles fine with Java 6.
My not that smart question is if this comma does anything special or is it just something like the ";" after a enum declaration? And is it a bug at Java Implementation keepen in order to mantain compatibility or is it a "feature"? If noone can answer the second one it is ok.

Cheers
 
Java Cowboy
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Welcome to JavaRanch.

The comma doesn't do anything special. I don't know why Java allows the extra comma - Java inherited a number of features from the C programming language, maybe this is one of those things. It's not a bug in the Java compiler.
 
Anthony Accioly
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Thank you very much.

Woah! This forum is fast
 
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Hi,
Comma has meaning here. It determines the number of entry in the array.
lets example
int[][] abc = {{1,2},{1,2}}
// here array abc is something like int[][] a = new int[2][2] with values.
 
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Originally posted by Gautam Pandey:
Hi,
Comma has meaning here. It determines the number of entry in the array.
lets example
int[][] abc = {{1,2},{1,2}}
// here array abc is something like int[][] a = new int[2][2] with values.



int [] arr={1,2,3,};
System.out.println(arr.length);

int [] arr1={1,2,3};
System.out.println(arr1.length);

Then length of these two arrays should differ?
 
Pandey Gautam
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Without giving comma between two curly braces we can define the size of an array in above type of declaration. If comma will be not their, it will be syntax error.
 
Pandey Gautam
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sorry typo error

Without giving comma between two curly braces we can't define the size of an array in above type of declaration. If comma will be not their, it will be syntax error.
 
Punit Singh
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int [] arr={1,2,3,};
see question is talking about this comma that is written after 3, the bold one.
 
Anthony Accioly
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Thanks all for the input.
And yes, i was refering to the comma before the "}" with no apparent meaning. in {1,2,}
 
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That coma is not doing anything special, as Jesper said, it is just allowed by the compiler but does not determine the array length, if you try the sample given by Punit:


int [] arr={1,2,3,};
System.out.println(arr.length);

int [] arr1={1,2,3};
System.out.println(arr1.length);



You'll have the output:


3
3



also if you try to add the fourth element to the array with the extra-coma, like:

arr[3] = 4;


you'll get an ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException

Even if the coma determines the array length, then you would be able to put something like:

int [] arr={1,2,3,,,};


But the compiler does not allow more than one extra-coma

Hope this help you.

Regards,
 
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