# Kindergarten Maths

Kindergarten maths is essential for analytical skill development. It promotes both computational and logical skills. It primarily focuses on skills related to recognizing shapes, comparing sizes, counting objects and identifying money. Some of these topics also form an essential part of life skills that are necessary for the overall growth of children. Studying these concepts further enhances the mental abilities of children to visualize and use maths in real life situations. Thus, promoting the mathematical interest in children at this stage is highly beneficial for later educational progress.

## Kindergarten Maths - Syllabus

Although different schools might follow different books, the CBSE Kindergarten maths syllabus can be compiled and listed as follows:

**Shapes:** Circle, Square, Rectangle, Triangle, Semi-Circle, Oval

**Count to 5:** Counting up to 5, Counting dots, Counting shapes, Counting objects, Counting upto 5 on ten frames, Showing numbers upto 5 on ten frames, Representing numbers upto 5.

**Count to 10: **Memorizing counting up to 10, counting dots, shapes, objects, Counting numbers on ten frames, representing numbers upto 10 on ten frames.

**Comparing:** Comparing collection of objects based on fewer or more, comparing by count, Comparing objects in a mixed group

**Positions:** Determining the position of objects( Inside or outside), middle, bottom, above, below, left, right, left, middle, right, top, bottom, beside and next to.

**Classifying:** Similar, Different, Classifying shapes based on color, type and sizes.

**Size:** Determining size of something as long, short, heavy, narrow and wide.

**Money**: Values of coins, Counting one-rupee coins

## Develop Kindergarten Maths Skills

Some of the most important topics under kindergarten maths include number sense, recognition of shapes, colors, patterns and more. Here are a few ways to understand how to encourage and promote these key skills in your child.

**Shape Recognition**

Help your child practice shape recognition to determine different shapes in the surrounding. Help them spot the shapes in their surroundings like cookies, slices of cakes, pizza, the roof of a house, doors, windows, paper money and so on.

As we introduce kids to different shapes it is also important to describe the properties of each shape that they spot, for example, explaining to them about the number of sides in each shape will enable them to easily differentiate between them.

**Sequencing**

Help your child understand the sequencing concept of first, next and last with the help of story pictures. This will enable kids to recognize and learn mathematical procedures and number sequences.

Incorporating fun activities like making a sandwich or snowman by following steps will develop the innate ability of children to memorize a sequence of steps. These are some simple ways in which children can learn to describe the sequence of events.

**Units of Time**

Build a basic understanding of time in units like hours, minutes and seconds. Apply a timer in routine activities such as screen time, playground time, study time and so on. It will help children to get well-versed with the concept of time and duration units. For example, when a child completes a task or refuses to leave the playground, tell them that they have five more minutes to finish their work or play. This way they will begin to develop a sense of time.

## Kindergarten Maths Tips and Tricks

**Combine Primary Math Concepts into Routine Activities.**

Encourage your child to count things regularly and give them some easy counting challenges, like counting the number of steps on a staircase or the number of white cars you see while driving.

**Solve Logical Puzzles**

Solving mathematical puzzles is an excellent way to promote important visualization skills in children. These puzzles help improve the sense of recognizing the difference and similarities in shapes, patterns, sizes, positions, and colors.

**Apply Math in Everyday Life**

One of the best ways for kids to memorize new math concepts is to visualize them in their everyday life. Encourage children to arrange some of their favorite toys for a party and distribute snacks among them. Help them to add all the snacks distributed and count the total. Let them estimate and tell how many more snacks they need if one more toy joins the party. Then ask to keep adding more toys and let them count the total number of snacks needed. This is an interesting method that will add a fun element to the activity and help them understand the concept of ‘addition’.

visual curriculum