programming forums Java Mobile Certification Databases Caching Books Engineering Micro Controllers OS Languages Paradigms IDEs Build Tools Frameworks Application Servers Open Source This Site Careers Other Pie Elite all forums
this forum made possible by our volunteer staff, including ...
Marshals:
• Campbell Ritchie
• Paul Clapham
• Ron McLeod
• paul wheaton
• Devaka Cooray
Sheriffs:
• Jeanne Boyarsky
• Tim Cooke
• Liutauras Vilda
Saloon Keepers:
• Tim Moores
• Tim Holloway
• Stephan van Hulst
• Carey Brown
• Piet Souris
Bartenders:
• salvin francis
• Mikalai Zaikin
• Himai Minh

# GCD calculation using Euclidean algorithm fails

Ranch Hand
Posts: 215
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
Hi,

I have here a simple program to find the GCD - Greatest Common Divisor of 2 numbers using Euclidean algorithm. I guess that's the fastest way to compute GCD.

Here is the code:

I believe that the logic is correct. And i don't get any errors. But the output is always 0. (i.e., diff=0)

Bartender
Posts: 1561
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
This is an important question, but I'm not sure it's a GUI question. I'd like to ask the moderators to move this question to a more appropriate forum.

John Eipe
Ranch Hand
Posts: 215
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
Thanks Pete. You are right; it's not a GUI question. This got posted there by mistake. How do I raise a request to moderators to move this post?

Bartender
Posts: 11445
19
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
Done !

Greenhorn
Posts: 7
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
hello,

you say
fo(; x-y !=0;){
diff=x-y
....
}
and then you print out diff. so in your for loop when you exit it diff is always zero.

[Edited: This is wrong. Please below see ]

Peter Tellanaki
Greenhorn
Posts: 7
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
perhaps because of scope ?
you have global diff = 0. and [x and y] diff in for loop perhaps only local ?

Marshal
Posts: 72679
317
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
I have only ever used that algorithm in recursive methods.

John Eipe
Ranch Hand
Posts: 215
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
So you mean I need to change this into a recursive function to make it work.

Isn't there any other way? I wonder why for loop doesn't work.

Peter Tellanaki
Greenhorn
Posts: 7
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
oh my,
i really nedd sleep !
forget all i said. your program will work if both numbers positive. if one positive one negative infinit loop. if both negative 0 always.
the way you use Euclid you must make certain both numbers are >0. but this is ok since +- no effect on gcd. so just sub first
x = Math.max(x, y); y = Math.min(x, y); with fx x = max of absolute values of x and y.

Peter Tellanaki
Greenhorn
Posts: 7
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
so for example

public class GCD {
public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException{
int diff=0;
System.out.println("Enter num1: ");
System.out.println("Enter num2: ");
x = Math.max(abs(x), abs(y));
y = Math.min(abs(x), abs(y));
[deleted]

System.out.print("GCD of the nums :"+diff);

}
private static int abs( int arg) {
return arg > 0 ? arg : -arg;
}
}

note: bad style with the static abs, but just to quick fix )

Delete solution. CR[/edit]

Rancher
Posts: 43024
76
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
This is where the problem is:

x = Math.max(x, y);
y = Math.min(x, y);

Ranch Hand
Posts: 317
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
@john,

Seems to work fine for me.
Tried it out for 121 and 1001.

Campbell Ritchie
Marshal
Posts: 72679
317
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
Peter Tellanaki, I am very sorry (please don't be annoyed with me), but I have felt obliged to pull rank and delete part of your submission. If you look on the Beginner's Forum start page, it says

We're all here to learn, so when responding to others, please focus on helping them discover their own solutions, instead of simply providing answers.

Simply providing the answer would prevent John Eipe from learning for himself.

Sheriff
Posts: 22157
117
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:

Ulf Dittmer wrote:This is where the problem is:

x = Math.max(x, y);
y = Math.min(x, y);

Exactly. You overwrite x with the maximum of x and y. Now if y is larger than x, x and y will end up having the same value.

John Eipe
Ranch Hand
Posts: 215
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
Sridhar,

How did you get it right? I don't think there are problems with negative numbers. As there are no cases of negative numbers coming in the code. As per the original post - we always take the greater and subtract the lesser one from it.

John Eipe
Ranch Hand
Posts: 215
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
Great Rob,
that's were the problem lies. I just substituted that part with a swap code:

and it works perfectly fine.

Thank you All.

Rob Spoor
Sheriff
Posts: 22157
117
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
Of course you can change that to the following, eliminating the empty body of the if-statement:
And I think Ulf would like some gratitude as well

Campbell Ritchie
Marshal
Posts: 72679
317
• Number of slices to send:
Optional 'thank-you' note:
Lots of people get confused about swapping like that.