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ClassCastException on downcasting

 
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When I run the below program, I get a runtime classcast exception
that you cannot downcast Tree into Scratch.
I don't understand why. Can anyone help me out. Thanks

 
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What is the relationship between the two entities? Can you tell me?
 
shivang sarawagi
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I got the solution

Downcasting is possible only when a variable of the base class (parent class) has a value of the derived class (child class).

 
Mansukhdeep Thind
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Yes. A simple way to check if reference variable casting will work is to use the instanceof test.
 
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