Log4j will inspect the "log4j.configurationFile" system property and, if set, will attempt to load the configuration using the ConfigurationFactory that matches the file extension.
If no system property is set the JSON ConfigurationFactory will look for log4j2-test.json or log4j2-test.jsn in the classpath.
If no such file is found the XML ConfigurationFactory will look for log4j2-test.xml in the classpath.
If a test file cannot be located the JSON ConfigurationFactory will look for log4j2.json or log4j2.jsn on the classpath.
If a JSON file cannot be located the XML ConfigurationFactory will try to locate log4j2.xml on the classpath.
If no configuration file could be located the DefaultConfiguration will be used. This will cause logging output to go to the console.